1. The referenced society is now called the "Landmark Society of Western New York" (LSWNY), 130 Spring St., Rochester, New York, 14608. Property now known as Stone-Tolan House, to acknowledge the previous owners, the Tolans, who purchased it from the Stones.

2. German Bible of Jacobus Mabee [hereinafter Mabee Bible]. Formerly in the possession of Margaret MacNab, it was given in 1998 to Maude Frank, Town Historian, Penfield, NY.

3. Margaret Schmitt MacNab, Katherine Wilcox Thompson, and Shirley Cox Husted, Northfield on the Genesee (Rochester NY: Monroe Co. Historian, 1981) hereinafter Mac Nab, Northfield. Images from Mabee Bible, above, are reproduced on p. 227.

4. West Family Bible Records, [birth, marriage, death, 1735-1889] [hereinafter West Family.] Source consists of eight photocopied pages of anonymous handwritten vital records donated to Stone-Tolan House family file LSWNY (copies in the Appendix.) The author believes they consist of transcriptions of records of the families of Pelatiah West, Daniel West, and Orringh Stone, with a few primary records of the later families of Orson West and Henry Knickerbocker.

5. Jackson Alward, "Ancestry of Mrs. Belle Cameron Coleman," unpublished manuscript, N.d, N.p., LSWNY, photocopy in possession of author [hereinafter Alward, Coleman].

6. Edward Stone, The Descendants of William Stone, (New York: Courtland, 1980), p. 6 [hereinafter Stone, William Stone]. Stone does not cite a source for Enos Stone's birth, 1709, nor does he list deaths or children for Enos and Sarah. His work draws on William L. Stone. The Family of John Stone, (Albany NY: Joel Munson and Sons, 1888). See also Alvan Talcot, Families of Early Guilford, Connecticut, ed. Jacquelyn L. Recker (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1984), p. 1138; and Donald Lines Jacobus, Families of Ancient New Haven (3 vols) rpt of New Haven Genealogical Magazine, Vols. 1-8, (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1997), Vol. 4, p. 1293. Jacobus cites New Haven Vital Records for the marriage of Sarah Munson to Enos Stone, Nov. 17, 1731, New Haven.

7. Chard Powers Smith, The Housatonic (New York & Toronto: Rinehart & Co., Inc.), [hereinafter Smith, Housatonic]; pp. 85-87. See also Guilford Stones in Litchfield in Stone, William Stone, pp. 16-24.

8. Birth Record of Enos Stone, Town of Litchfield Vital Statistics, Volume 1, page 35, viewed by author, September 1987 and confirmed by certified photocopy, Registrar of Vital Statistics, Litchfield, November 1998 [hereinafter Litchfield Vital Stats].

9. MacNab, Northfield states that Enos of Guilford (note 6 above) was father of Enos of Litchfield (note 8 above). However Enos Stone of Guilford married a Sarah and the mother of Enos of Litchfield is named Mary. Perhaps Sarah died and Enos then married Mary. No death record for Sarah nor marriage record for Enos and Mary has been found. The connection between the Guilford and Litchfield Enos Stones is therefore a matter of conjecture.

10. Rev. C.M. Hyde, Centennial History of the Town of Lee, Mass (Springfield, MA: Clark W. Bryan & Co., 1878), [hereinafter Hyde, Lee] p. 119, 129-140. See also David H. Wood, Lenox Massachusetts, Shire Town (Lenox, MA: Town of Lenox, 1969); [hereinafter Wood, Lenox] pp. 4-7, and Smith, Housatonic, p. 113.

11. Birth Record of Orringh Stone, November 18, 1767, p. 397; Town of Lenox MA Records, Lenox Town Clerk, 6 Walker Street, Lenox, MA 01240 [hereinafter Lenox Records]. Marriage of Enos Stone and Sarah Stoddard given referred to in Mac Nab, Northfield, p. 305 but marriage record not found in Lenox or Litchfield.

12. Hyde, Lee, p. 135 mentions Pelatiah West, investor from Tolland. The Wests bought a large tract of unincorporated land in 1769 near Rattlesnake Hill. By 1771 Pelatiah West had brought a large contingent of family and friends from Tolland to settle in what became Lee, MA bordering Lenox on the south. See Loren P. Waldo, An Address before the Tolland County Historical Society, August 22, 27, 1861 (Hartford: Press of Case, Lockwood & Co., 1861) pp. 90, 91, 121.

13. Mac Nab, Northfield, p. 305 claims Orringh was born in Litchfield, CT. However a certified record sent to author by Litchfied, CT Clerk,states that there is no record of a birth for Orringh Stone near 1767 in the Town's Vital Statistics. This confirms author's personal inspection of Litchfield records in 1987.

14. Enos Stone, elected Hog Reef, March 4, 1772, Lenox Records.

15. Letter dated 31 Jan. 1765, Sir William [sic] Johnson Papers, Vol. XI; as cited in Steve Mabie, "Solutions," unpublished research paper, .Nd., San Antonio, Texas, hereinafter Mabie, Solutions. Further explanation of letter contents in personal communication by email to author from, 24 July 2000.

16. Professor Jonathon Pearson, A History of the Schenectady Patent (Albany, NY: J. Munsell, 1882) [hereinafter Pearson, Schnectady Patent] pp. 66, 130. Jan Pieterse Mebie married Anna Borsboom de Steinbakker. See also Jonathon Pearson, Contributions for the Genealogies of the first Settlers of the Patent and City of Schenactady from 1662-1800 (Albany, NY: J. Munsell, 1873).

17. Pearson, Schnectady Patent, p. 130. Trustees of Village conveyed quiet title April 6, 1708 to house on Church Street destroyed in village fire 1689/90. In 1702 Jan Mebie was among the adult freeholders who signed a petition with 35 other villagers to modify the 1684 Schenectady Patent.

18. Ibid, p. 132, citing Schnectady Co. Deed Book, VI, p. 215.

19. Ibid, p. 131, citing Schnectady Co. Deed Book V, p. 79 and VI, p. 215, Jan Pieterse Mebie from Daniel Janse Van Antwerpen, one of the original settlers. He is believed to have built the house in 1680. The Jan Mebie/Mabee Farm is managed by the Schenectady County Historical Society which claims it is the oldest farm in Mohawk Valley, owned by the same family for nearly 300 years.

20. Ibid, pp. 130-132.

21. Mac Nab, Northfield, p. 227. This work states that Jacobus lived in the Rotterdam Junction house but do not state from which Mebie line, if any, Jacobus descended. Pearson does not account for a Jacobus of appropriate age among Jan's descendants. In addition the fact that Jacobus' children were born at German Flatts and Stone Arabia tends to suggest he did not live at Rotterdam Junction.

22. Pearson, Schnectady Patent, pp. 130-132.

23. Records of Reformed Dutch Church, Schenectady, cited in Mabie, Solutions.

24. Ibid. A Jan Pieterse, son of Anna Peek, no father named, was baptized 9 Oct. 1708. Steve Mabie speculates that this Jan Pieterse _____ is the illegitimate son of Pieter Mebie, eldest son of Jan Pieterse Mebie.

25. According to the Mabee Bible, the ceremony was performed by Johan Casparus Lappius. According to Church Records cited by Steve Mabie, Lappius served at that time at the Reformed German Church at Sand Hill (Canojoharie).

26. Mabee Bible; the records contain only dates, no places.

27 Maryly B, Penrose, Compendium of Early Mohawk Valley Families, 2 Vols, (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1990), Vol. 1, p. 514, transcribed from the Vosburgh Collection of the NY Genealogical and Biographical Soc.. Records of the Palatine Lutheran Trinity Church of Stone Arabia (then Tryon Co. renamed Montgomery after the Revolution)--107 Bartholomaius b. 21 Nov. 1770, bpt. 26 Nov. 1770; and Reformed Protestant Dutch Church of German Flatts (then Tryon, now Herkimer Co., having been taken from Montgomery Co. in 1790) .--36 Alita b. 25 July 1779, bpt. 10 Aug. 1779; [hereinafter Penrose, Mohawk Valley].

28. Smith, Housatonic, p. 166.

29. Wood, Lenox, p. 23-27. The purpose of the Committee was to implement a non-importation policy--and to ferret out Tories.

30. Francis B. Heitman, Officers of the Continental Army, Revised ed. (1914; rpt. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1973), p. 523 [hereinafter Heitman, Off. of Cont. Army]


31. Lenox Records, Mar. 12, 1776.

32. Wood, Lenox, p. 20; see also Lenox Records, Aug. 16 and 27, 1776. The Selectmen held a divisive debate over the issue of inoculation because the townspeople desperately sought preventative measures. They held a town meeting in August of 1776, "to see if the town will come into some measures whereby the enokalition of smallpox may be carried on in said town." The motion carried and a group of five was appointed to see that the doctor "don't spread the infection!"

33. Heitman, Off. of Cont. Army, p. 523.

34. Smith, Housatonic, p. 168. The Green Mountain Boys originally formed to fight New York for Vermont's independence.

35. Capt. Enos Stone Journal, New England Historic Genealogical Register, No. 15, 1861, pp. 299-304 as quoted in Richard M. Ketchum, Saratoga: Turning Point of America's Revolutionary War (New York: Henry Holt, 1997), pp. 200, 212.

36. Ibid, p. 493; see also Heitman, Off. of Cont. Army, p. 523.

37. Mabie, Solutions.

38. Smith, Housatonic, p. 173. See also Hyde, Lee, p. 136. Berkshire held an exuberant celebration over their part in the victory. Two days later Lee, Massachusetts incorporated October 21, 1777.

39. Penrose, Mohawk Valley. The sponsor, spelled "Herquimer" is presumed the famed patriot military leader.

40. Henry O'Reilly, Sketches of Rochester (1838; rpt. Geneseo: James Brunner, 1984) [hereinafter O'Reilly, Sketches]., pp. 105-138. See also Kevin Harrington, "Chain of Title for Stone-Tolan House," unpublished research report, LSWNY, 1966, ([hereinafter Harrington, Chain of Title]) citing Ontario Co. Abstracts, Monroe Co. Clerk, Liber 1, p. 37, 26 Jan, 1790.

41. William McIntosh, History of Monroe County New York (Philadelphia: Everts. Ensign & Everts, 1877) [hereinafter McIntosh, Hist. Monroe Co.] p. 422.

42. McIntosh, Hist. Monroe Co. NY, p. 423.

43. McIntosh, Hist. Monroe Co. NY. p. 424.

44. O'Reilly, Sketches, p. 247.

45. "Reminiscences of Enos Stone," McIntosh, Hist. Monroe Co. NY. p. 425-426.

46. MacNab, Northfield, pp. 23, 199.

47. MacNab, Northfield, pp. 23, 199; anecdote attributed to unspecified pioneers.

48. Bond on Estate of James [sic] Maybee of Ontario County, by Christian [sic] Maybee, 24 Oct. 1793, Unrecorded Administrations, Ontario County Surrogate as cited by, email to author 25 July 2000.